Little Known Facts About Illawarra Stump Grinding.

October 24. Getting entirely weighed every one of these situations we bore up for Savu, and at 4 p.m. to the 24th anchored in Zeba Bay, about the north-west facet on the island. The lender on which the anchor was dropped was so steep that, Even though the anchor was in twelve fathoms, the vessel was, on the size of forty fathoms of cable, in 20-two fathoms. As we were citing, two muskets have been fired from the shore, as well as a white flag, or fairly a rag, was suspended to your pole, all-around which a group of men and women experienced gathered. This flag gave us no extremely favourable concept of the respectability of your position, along with the this means of your muskets we couldn't divine, nor without a doubt at any time did find out, Except it absolutely was that we had anchored on undesirable floor: the boat was then hoisted out And that i went on shore, accompanied by Messrs.

** (*Footnote. The late Rear-Admiral Burney, in his History of Discoveries within the South Sea, volume one website page 380, describes a chart, dated 1542, drawn by Rotz, through which a coast is continued into the 28th diploma of south latitude; and promptly under the 30th degree, There's the title of Coste des Herbaiges, answering by a unprecedented coincidence equally in climate and in name to Botany Bay.). (**Footnote. During the voyages of Gautier Schouten, released at Amsterdam in 1708, duodecimo volume one site 41 et seq., There may be the following curious account of your wreck of a ship about the coast of recent Holland:

On perdit bientot de vue ce pais sterile, le second Pilote de la flute etant parmi cette troupe desolee, et la guidant par le cours du Soleil, de la Lune et des Etoiles.

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"L'equipage etant descendu a terre, trouva les tentes brisees en pieces, et l'on ne decouvrit pas un seul homme dans tout le pais. La shock ne fut pas mediocre. On regarda partout si l'on ne verroit issue de traces qui marquassent qu'on eut construit quelque petit batiment: mais il n'y avoit ni tarriere, ni hache, ni couteaux, ni cloux, etc.

July 29. About the 29th Mr. Bedwell went to Captain Cook's Turtle Reef but he was unsuccessful in his seek for that animal; neither did he obtain any shells distinct from what we had Earlier viewed; just a few clams (Chama gigas) had been introduced absent, besides a little fish of your shark tribe (Squalus ocellatus, Linn.). At higher h2o the reef was overflowed excepting at its north-west stop wherever a patch of sand not much larger than the boat was left dry. At lower tide the key, or maybe the ridge of rocks heaped up around the fringe of the reef, was still left dry and fashioned a barricade for the interior, and that is occupied by a shallow lake of circular condition wherein quite a few tiny fish plus some sharks had been witnessed swimming about. It was from this reef that Captain Prepare dinner, over the mend of his ship, procured turtle for her crew; and, this being precisely the same time, we were being let down in not acquiring any. About the return with the boat she was positioned in a few Risk from the number of whales, in the fin-again species, which were sporting concerning the area on the water and infrequently leaping outside of it and lashing The ocean with their tremendous fins. July thirty. Within the thirtieth, owning hitherto carried on our occupation without the need of seeing or hearing everything in the natives, while I had been busily utilized with Mr. Roe in observing the Sunlight's meridional altitude, I took place on looking spherical to espy 5 natives standing about forty or fifty yards off Among the many significant grass observing our movements.

September 28. These repairs ended up done by the 28th but, equally as we ended up congratulating ourselves upon possessing performed them, a fresh defect was found out which threatened extra alarming consequences even than one other: on stripping off some sheets of copper, the spike nails which fastened the planks had been identified to become decaying; and lots of were being so fully decomposed by oxidation that a straw was quickly thrust from the vacant holes. As we had not nails ample to switch the copper, for that was now our only protection, we could not venture to remove quite a lot of sheets from These parts which seemed to be essentially the most suspicious, beneath all of which we located the nails so defective that we had explanation to anxiety we would start off some planks before we arrived at Port Jackson, the consequence of which might unquestionably be fatal to the vessel and our life. All of that we could do to cure the defect was to caulk the h2o-approaches and counter, and to nail yet another streak of copper a foot bigger than right before. This even further temporary repair service was finished with the thirtieth. 1820. Oct 5. But we ended up detained until the 5th of Oct ahead of the tide rose large more than enough to drift the cutter. Throughout the time the carpenter was As a result occupied the many crew have been utilized possibly in helping him or in chopping Wooden and filling water; making sure that I'd no possibility both of traveling to the surrounding islands or of analyzing the place inside the vicinity of your bay: but once the repairs were being finished and also the people were far more at leisure I built an excursion so far as Bat Island, off Cape Brewster. From the summit of the island a list of bearings was attained, especially with the islands into the northward and westward. The ascent, on account of its steep and rugged mother nature, was quite challenging and in some cases perilous, for your stones were so free and decomposed that no sound footing could be found. The best in the rock is covered having a thick brush of Acacia leucophoea (of Lacrosse Island) quite a few trees of which were being obliged for being Reduce down or cleared away before the different objects could be viewed within the theodolite. Mr. Cunningham gathered in this article specimens of eighteen distinctive styles of crops. Bat Island is a mass of sandstone superincumbent upon a quartzose basis and Related Site intersected by just about vertical veins of white quartz, the surface area of which was in the crystallized state. The floor on the cavern was lined with heaps of drinking water-worn fragments of quartzose rock, made up of copper pyrites, in some of which the cavities ended up coated by a deposit of greenish calcedony.

Dans ce dessein on alla faire de l'eau. Ceux qui furent a une petite riviere qu'on avoit vue, au-lieu de se hater, se promenerent, et coururent en divers endroits.

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"La flute etant conduite par ceux qui etoient echapez du naufrage dans la chaloupe, et venus a Batavia en aporter la nouvelle, se rendit au parage ou le Dragon avoit peri, et alla mouiller l'ancre dans l'endroit qui parut le moreover propre pour son dessein. Aussi tot la chaloupe fut armee pour aller chercher ceux qui s'etoient sauvez le lengthy du rivage.

Number of palm-trees were being noticed, but at the big islands, In accordance with Captain Cook dinner's account,* they are probably considerable. A considerable quantity of pumice-stone was found, as is typical in each and every area that we have landed at inside the tropic, heaped up earlier mentioned the highwater mark. In the course of the afternoon we experienced very little wind; from the evening we passed a mile as well as a 50 percent to the eastward of a low and hazardous reef which escaped Captain Cook dinner's observation; the only Section of it that was obvious previously mentioned the h2o ended up two lower rocks, but since the tide ebbed the craggy heads of a number of more compact ones gradually uncovered, and at minimal h2o it might be rather dry; we passed it in ten fathoms.

Fortunately, having said that, this arrangement was shortly afterwards rendered unneeded from the arrival from India, on the Mermaid, a cutter of 84 tons load, constructed of teak, rather than quite twelve months previous: her length was 56 toes; breadth of beam eighteen ft six inches; and didn't, when deep-laden, attract in excess of nine toes; her base was instead sharper than was easy for the purpose of taking the bottom; but, as I couldn't expect to find each edge mixed in a single vessel that was necessary for the goal of surveying, the latter objection was of requirement overruled; and being in every other respect superior on the Lady Nelson, and necessitating no repairs, she was finally ordered to the sum of 2000 lbs sterling, and instantly appropriated to my use. A schooner would have been a lot more handy; but, as there was no option of constructing such an alteration, it could not be effected. My statement from the arrangements that were requisite for our accommodation was permitted of with the Governor, who gave the necessary orders for the Engineer, a captain on the forty-sixth regiment; as well as the Deputy Commissary Basic was instructed to show up at to all my requires, and to supply the requisite quantities of provisions and stores; but, notwithstanding each desire around the Portion of His Excellency to forward our outfit and full the vessel for sea devoid of hold off, it wasn't right up until the 21st of December that the alterations were being concluded. Had we fulfilled with as much opposition and inattention from your commissariat Office as through the engineer, the vessel wouldn't are already All set for sea for six months; it is, nevertheless, a obligation I owe to Deputy Commissary Normal Allan, to acknowledge the readiness with which that officer's Office attended to my needs. The subsequent is an index of the officers and Guys who fashioned the crew from the Mermaid:-- Commander:

We endeavoured to influence them to convey off some spears to barter, for they had no weapon of any description with them, Nevertheless they evidently wouldn't recognize our meaning. While in the evening our gentlemen proceeded to return these visits, within the location which was pointed out by our morning friends: on landing they had been met from the natives and done for their huts, where they saw The complete on the male part of the tribe, which consisted of fifteen, of whom two have been aged and decrepit, and just one of such was decreased to an excellent skeleton by ulcerated sores on his legs that had eaten away the flesh and remaining huge parts with the bone bare; which miserable item was throwing away away with none software or covering to his sores. No tooth have been deficient within their jaws; all experienced the septum narium perforated, but without the need of sporting any appendage in it. The sole ornament they appeared to have was a bracelet of plaited hair, worn around the higher arm. An open wicker basket, neatly and in many cases tastefully manufactured from strips from the Flagellaria indica, was received from one of these by Mr. Roe, in which they have their foodstuff and fishing strains; Moreover which Each and every native has his gourd, the fruit with the Cucurbita lagenaria, which grows plentifully on all areas of the Seashore, and furnishes a very beneficial vessel to those straightforward savages for the goal of carrying drinking water. At the north-east conclude of the sandy Seashore a good stream was discovered, from which drinking water may well with facility be obtained. Close to this stream Mr. Cunningham noticed quite a few in their ovens, just like All those utilized by the natives of Taheite. A circular gap is dug, at The underside of that is put a layer of flat stones, on which, after they are heated by hearth, the meat is placed; this is roofed by A further layer of stones, and around them they make a fire which pretty soon cooks their repast. In short, the natives of the bay seem to be a lot more ingenious and to understand improved what is beneficial when compared to the generality in their countrymen.* (*Footnote. Lieutenant Jeffreys, on the Kangaroo, armed transportation, on his passage to Ceylon in 1815 communicated with these natives; they arrived on board his vessel and carried out themselves in an amicable way in direction of him.)

Admiralty Office environment, 4th February, 1817. SIR, My Lords Commissioners with the Admiralty remaining informed from the preparations of Earl Bathurst, His Majesty's principal Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, for employing you in a study of the unexplored elements of the Coast of latest South Wales, have commanded me to specific their concurrence therein, and also to convey to you personally the next Guidance, to which you're to conform oneself, Together with People which you might receive through the Secretary of Point out. The preparations for supplying you with a correct vessel and crew, as well as other necessaries for that prosecution of your assistance owning been produced by the Colonial Department, my Lords haven't any directions to provide you click here to read with on these topics, but to recommend you from the perform and self-control on the vessel which can be intrusted in your treatment, to conform, in terms of could be practicable, to the recognized usages from the navy, and also to the polices for preserving health and fitness, cleanliness, and excellent get, that have been set up in His Majesty's ships when used in Voyages of Discovery. To be able To help you in the treatment and use in the timekeepers and devices with which their Lordships have directed the Hydrographer of the Division to furnish you, and to stick to your orders in all other particulars concerning the support, my Lords have directed Messrs. Frederick Bedwell and John Septimus Roe, two younger gentlemen, who happen to be encouraged to them as peculiarly equipped to be of use to you, and for whose appointment you might have expressed your needs, to accompany you and also to be under your command. The principal item of the mission is to examine the hitherto unexplored Coasts of recent South Wales, from Arnhem Bay, close to the western entrance on the Gulf of Carpentaria, westward and southward so far as the North-west Cape; such as the opening, or deep bay referred to as Van Diemen's Bay, along with the cluster of islands identified as Rosemary Islands, and also the inlets behind them, which must be most minutely examined; and, without a doubt, all gulfs and openings really should be the objects of individual awareness; as being the chief motive on your survey is to discover whether there be any river on that A part of the Coastline more likely to bring on an interior navigation into this fantastic continent.

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